Lợi ích của TV - The use of television
A wonderful invention
Why it is popular
Why it is useful
Television enables us to see things in distant places. It is indeed one of the most wonderful things that man has ever invented.
Television not only entertains people but also teaches people a variety of important things. Through this wonderful invention we learn about people and events thousands of miles away. Pictures taken in all parts of the world are also shown on television for entertainment as well as for instruction. Short films based on popular stories are often shown which entertain millions of people all over the world.
In some countries television is used to teach pupils and students many useful lessons. Students who cannot go to school because of transport or other problems are taught all their lessons at home through television.
As television appeals to the eye instead of the ear, people enjoy watching more than listening to the radio. Listening requires knowledge of many things, but what we see with our eyes explains that itself.
For all these reasons, there is no doubt that television will continue to be popular for a long time.
Appeals to = attracts
Entertain = to interest
Distant = far away
Invented = made for the first time
Enable = make able
Requires = needs
The advantages and disadvantages of television
Nowadays many people all over the world spent most of their free time watching television; but since its appearance, television has brought to man many advantages as well as disadvantages.
First, television plays an important role in our daily activities: it keeps us informed of all current affairs in the world. Events through television are more vivid than those through books and magazines.
Second, television helps us enrich our spiritual lives. Our knowledge is broadened in many ways. Through language teaching programs, we can learn the language we like such as: English, French, German, Chinese, Japanese and so on. We can become skilful and clever at doing jobs, making cakes or arranging flowers through practical courses taught on television.
Finally, television is a source of recreation. Humorous stories and funny films bring us minutes of relaxation after a hard day’s work. For me, sitting comfortably in an arm-chair to watch an international football match on television is more interesting than having to queue for tickets at a crowded stadium.
Apart from its advantages, however, television also brings lots of disadvantages to viewers too.
First, television viewers gradually become passive in their action. Television may be a splendid media of communication, but it prevents us from communicating with each other or with the outer world. The world seen through television is only the restricted one: It separates us from the real world.
Second, television, with its fascinating power, makes people of all ages sink into oblivion: whole generations are growing up addicted to the telly. Pupils and students are so absorbed in television that they neglect their school activities. Food is left uneaten, homework undone and lessons unprepared. Housewives are so keen on watching television that they neglect their duties toward their husbands and their children. Instead of watching television, we may use the time for a real family hour. Without the distraction of television, we may sit around together after dinner and actually talk to one another to know and like each other better.
Finally, the evil influence of television on the young generation is inevitable; it encourages them to commit crimes. Spectacles of sadism and violence on television lead them to robbery, theft, rape and murder.
In a nutshell, television is useful to us when we know how to use it: Be careful not to overindulge ourselves in it and use it in a discerning manner.
Television, its use and abuse
Television must be the most popular pastime for human beings today. Just about everyone watches television and just about every house has a television set. Every day and night, people glue their eyes on their sets to watch their favorite shows. So television exerts a large influence on us.
It is fine we jus use television as a source of entertainment or to be informed about things happening around the world. In fact documentaries are very informative and we do learn many things from such programs. News keeps us up to date with the latest developments. Cartoons keep children entertained. There is no shortage of programs to keep the viewers occupied.
There is nothing wrong in watching these programs, but they must be done in moderation. Then we use television wisely and do not get attached to it. However there is always the danger of making a habit of watching television.
A habit is something we always do and might get upset if we could not do it for some reason or other. A man who has made smoking a habit would be very upset if he is not allowed to do so. Someone who must have a cup of coffee every morning would be upset if he could not get one. Similarly, a person who makes a habit of watching television would be upset if he misses his favorite programs. These are all symptoms of addiction, like those of a drug addict.
To be addicted or attached to television is to abuse it, that is, one feels compelled to have the television on. In other words one becomes a kind of a slave to it and may spend hours just watching it. For example, the first thing my uncle does whenever he comes home is to switch on the television. He used to watch the television a lot but now he just switches on the set and does something else. I have on occasions switched off the set because no one was watching it only to have my uncle switch it on again almost immediately. I asked him why and he said that he just wanted the set on. It is quite ridiculous really, but I noticed he is addicted to he sound from the television. He finds it unbearable not to have the set on,
One great abuse if television is how it is used by advertisers. It is of enormous benefit to both advertisers and television station to have advertisement on television. The viewers also get to know what product are available and the advertisers get to sell their products. However, the situation on television now is such that the time allocated for advertisement is about the same as that for the actually programs. In fact, in some popular programs, the station spend more time screening advertisements than the actual show. This is sheer abuse. No one wants to have their programs interrupted so often by repetitions of advertisement that become so boring after a while.
So we watch television. Finally only we know whether we are making use of it wisely or we are abusing it. Whichever it is we reap the results of our actions.
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